Benefits of Spay and Neuter

One of the most common things a client asks a veterinarian is “Should I spay or neuter my pet?”.


If you have no intentions of breeding a pet in the future, then yes.

Spaying dogs decreases the likelihood of mammary tumors, prevents unwanted puppies, eliminates the risk for a potentially deadly condition called pyometra. Spayed females on average live 24% longer than intact females.



Yes, if he is not planning to be used for breeding. Unneutered males are at higher risk for testicular tumors, BPH, and prostatitis. They are also twice as likely to be hit by cars or bitten by another animal. Neutered male dogs live on average 18% longer than intact males. Intact males will also often have behavioral problems that are minimized with neutering.


Concerns about altering your pet…

Anesthesia and surgery Risk:

  • Surgery and anesthesia are risks associated with spaying and neutering. These risks are minimized by performing pre-op bloodwork, using appropriate drug selection, and monitoring the patient during anesthesia. At UVH every pet that is anesthetized has a nurse monitoring the pet’s vital signs while they are sedated. This close monitoring means we can catch abnormalities quickly and adjust the anesthetic or add medication before it turns into a bigger problem.
  • We also offer laparoscopic spays. This is just like a traditional spay but the incisions are smaller and the surgeon has a tiny camera in the abdomen. Performing a laparoscopic spay is less invasive and allows better visualization during surgery.


Weight gain: Yes, the pet’s metabolism will decrease after being spayed or neutered. The good thing is that humans have control of how much the pet is fed. We can calculate the appropriate feed amount for your pet to make sure there is no weight gain.


Does the same go for cats?

Female cats have similar health benefits that dogs have but cats also behave very irregularly when in heat and males often urine spray. Mammary cancer is less likely in female cats, but has a higher incidence of malignancy.


When is the best time to spay or neuter my pet?

It depends on the dog breed. Large breed dogs benefit from not being spayed or neutered until they are older. This is an important question to ask your veterinarian about when to spay or neuter your dog.


I love answering your questions. Give me a call 318-797-5522 or email me

Thanks – Dr. Todd Smith